Expression of Prefarance

Expression of Preference

(WOULD RATHER, PREFER, AND LIKE ……… BETTER)
Banyak cara untuk mengungkapkan (Mengekpresikan) suatu pilihan, hasrat yang dimaksud, dan dalam bahasa inggris ini mempunyai pola-pola tertentu dan salah satunya adalah yang berikut akan dibahas:
*       Would rather, berarti prefer. Would rather diikuti secara langsung oleh sebuah kata kerja dan kemudian kata comparative “than”.
 WOULD RATHER + V1… THEN ………..

Contoh:
- I would rather drink coffee than eating.
- I would rather ride bicycle than ride motorcycle.
- John would rather go skiing than swimming.
- He would rather read a good book than see the movie.
  1. Dalam bentuk Lampau (Past) berbentuk Would rather have digunakan dengan Past participle (Verb3). Dan mengandung arti bahwa sebuah preference tidak terpenuhi.
 WOULD RATHER HAVE + V3 ………. THAN ……
- I would rather have stayed at home last night than gone out (but I went out)
- Mr. Slamet would rather have gone to the Opera than the Symphony when he was in New York (tetapi dia pergi ke  Symphony)
- I would rather have bought Mercedes than Volk Wagon because the Mercedes was too expensive (Tetapi saya telah membeli Volk Wagon)

*   Prefer diikuti oleh Gerund (Kata benda dari kata kerja) atau oleh sebuah infinitive (Kata Kerja bentuk pertama ) dan pola-pola dari perbandingan adalah sbb:

      PREFER. …(NOUN)…. TO. (NOUN)……

- I prefer the dogs to cats.
- I prefer Miss Markonah to Marfu’ah.
- I prefer Arabic to Jepanese.

        PREFER. …(GERUND)…. TO. (GERUND)……

   PREFER (GERUND) THAN (GERUND)
- John prefers playing tennis than going fishing.
- Mr. Kareem prefers driving his bicycle to driving his car.
- I prefer watching TV to studying Math.
- I prefer watching TV than studying.

PREFER…..(INF INITIVE) ….. THAN ……(INFINITIVE)……
 - I prefer to watch than to study.
- I prefer to eat dinner out than to cook.
- The students prefer to take exam tomorrow than to day.

*   Like ……… better. Berarti menyukai sesuatu lebih dari menyukai yang lain. Kata benda dan Gerund bisa digunakan antara kata Like dan Better.
 LIKE. …(NOUN)…… BETTER THAN ….(NOUN)…….
LIKE ……..(GERUND) BETTER THAN …..(GERUND)……..
  - James like soccer better than base ball.
  - Winardi likes volleyball better than basket ball. 
  - Arief grows up on a farm and liked country life better than city life.

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